4G arms race of the hottest operators takes a diff

2022-08-12
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Operators' 4G arms race takes a differentiated route

in the past 2015, China Unicom was undoubtedly the most frustrated of the three operators, with a total loss of 12.52 million users throughout the year. The backwardness of 4G construction is considered to be the main factor causing Unicom's frustration

in order to reverse the adverse situation, China Unicom released a big move after the Spring Festival holiday. If it finds any looseness, it will invest 24billion yuan to build 469000 4G base stations this year and next. At the same time, the in-depth cooperation between China Unicom and Chinatelecom in network construction, operation and maintenance is in the landing operation stage

China Mobile and Chinatelecom, which had previously shown positive performance in 4G construction, have not slowed down their pace in 4G construction. China Mobile plans to exceed 1.4 million 4G base stations this year. Chinatelecom has launched the 2016 centralized procurement project of LTE FDD wireless main equipment rural coverage at the beginning of this year, with an estimated scale of 130000 base stations

the Ministry of industry and information technology issued an FDD license during the Spring Festival of the year of the sheep. China has fully entered the era of 4G scale commerce. As the sheep went to the monkey, the competition between operators on 4G has become more intense, and each has its own characteristics

Unicom is crazy about building 4G base stations

China Unicom recently issued a bidding announcement for the LTE FDD phase III wireless main equipment centralized procurement project. This centralized procurement includes two years of construction, with a scale of 469000 base stations, involving 334 cities across the country. According to industry estimates, the scale of China Unicom's centralized procurement this time reached 24billion yuan

since Wang Xiaochu took charge of China Unicom in August last year, the pace of 4G construction of China Unicom has accelerated a lot. China Unicom previously released the service quality report for the second half of 2015, which disclosed that in 2015, China Unicom planned to build 163000 new 4G base stations on the basis of the original goal of 171000 stations. By the end of the year, the overall scale of 4G base stations reached 400000 stations, realizing the basic continuous coverage of urban areas and areas above the county seat and the symbolic coverage of towns and townships. However, the number of 4G base stations of China Unicom is still the lowest among the three operators, especially compared with the number of 1.1 million 4G base stations of China Mobile. With the bidding and construction of FDD phase III network, China Unicom has nearly 900000 4G base stations, which will greatly improve its network coverage capacity and system capacity

while building 4G base stations on a large scale, China Unicom has another trick, that is, cooperation with Chinatelecom. In mid January, after the two operators signed a strategic cooperation agreement at the group level, the implementation work was promoted quickly. Before the Spring Festival of the year of the monkey, two provincial operators in Hunan, Guangxi, Xinjiang, Guizhou, Shanghai and other places signed a cooperation promotion plan

one of the principles of cooperation between the two operators is that it is easy before it is difficult. At present, the easiest point of cooperation is the co construction and sharing of communication infrastructure, including 4G macro stations, indoor distribution systems, transmission construction and other fields. With this in-depth cooperation in research using chromium oxide grinding paste, China Unicom and Chinatelecom can quickly improve the 4G network coverage capacity

according to Fu Liang, an industry expert, one of the problems encountered by China Unicom is how to make bricks without straw, how to make good use of limited funds, and how to obtain more financial support from the outside world. It is believed that China Unicom will make a breakthrough in this regard this year. Fu Liang said

Telecom relies on 800MHz to compete in the rural 4G market

before China Unicom launched the bidding for the construction of FDD phase III network, China Telecom launched the 2016 centralized procurement project for the rural coverage of LTE FDD wireless main equipment, with an estimated scale of 130000 base stations. Chinatelecom has an obvious intention to strengthen the competition in the rural 4G market

by the end of 2015, Chinatelecom had built about 460000 LTE base stations across the country, mainly covering urban and suburban central areas. At the previous 2016 China telecom terminal industry cooperation strategy conference, Chinatelecom executives said that one of the goals of this year is to achieve full coverage of 4G networks in urban and rural areas. Now Chinatelecom has launched the rural coverage centralized purchase project of LTE FDD wireless main equipment in order to implement the above goals

the characteristics of rural and urban areas are different, and the LTE 4G network coverage also has a limited oxygen index of ~ 32.8% (Figure 1); At the same time, this kind of epoxy resin faces different conditions in combustion experiments. Rural areas have a vast territory, complex network environment and scattered user needs. How to complete 4G network coverage in vast rural areas is a difficult problem. If base stations are deployed on the current 1.8GHz and 2.1GHz frequencies, operators will have to build a large number of base stations with huge investment. Obviously, this is not what Chinatelecom wants. At present, Chinatelecom is likely to adjust the 800m spectrum of CDMA and use more advantageous spectrum resources for LTE and 4G network coverage in rural areas

There are seven frequency points in the

800mhz spectrum, but in many rural areas, the business volume is not so large, and these seven frequency points are not fully open. Basically, there are two frequency points for EVDO coverage and two frequency points for voice coverage. In this way, there are still three frequency points that are vacant. The bandwidth of these three frequency points adds up to nearly 5m, which can be used to widely cover LTE in rural areas. The head of China Telecom Network Construction Department in a western province told the IT times

if the 800MHz spectrum can be used to carry out 4G LTE construction in rural areas on a large scale, it will undoubtedly be a great advantage for Chinatelecom, which can not only save costs, but also deploy more quickly in the low frequency band

mobile improves 4G soft power

at present, China Mobile has a huge leading edge in 4G. According to the data disclosed by the Ministry of industry and information technology, by the end of 2015, the total number of 4G users in China had reached 386 million, of which 312 million were China Mobile 4G users, that is, China Mobile 4G users accounted for 80% of the total

in terms of the number of base stations, China Mobile is also significantly ahead. China Mobile, which is rich and powerful, built 720000 4G base stations in 2014 and added another 380000 in 2015. At present, China Mobile has more than 1.1 million 4G base stations. For the construction goal of base stations in 2016, Shang Bing, chairman of China Mobile, previously said that he would exceed 1.4 million. In other words, the number of new 4G base stations built by China Mobile this year is about 300000. Although the number has decreased compared with the previous two years, the number is still not low compared with the two rivals

based on the scale development of 4G, China Mobile pays more and more attention to the filling of 4G applications and content. China Mobile has made it clear that this year it will launch high-definition voice services based on volte experimental method with four optional technologies in 260 cities to provide customers with lower delay and higher definition communication services; Develop NFC bus applications in 100 cities and carry out NFC school enterprise applications in 100 colleges and universities

the number of base stations and users are far ahead. China Mobile has shifted its attention to developing new services and applications to enhance user stickiness and consolidate and expand its advantages

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